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Introduction of commonly used children’s toy materials

This article will introduce the commonly used materials of children’s toys, including the description of the materials used in some products of “Toys and Games”.

Parents may not know or doubt the safety of certain children’s toys. The material description and advantages and disadvantages will be listed below

The following information and suggestions are for reference only
Part of the data is referenced from “wikipedia” “Toy Safety in the EU”


Wood is the safest material for toys. Compared with plastic, it has no plastic-based toxic chemicals, is durable and biodegradable, but not all woods are created equal.wooden toy

Beech wood

Beech wood is a common material used in children’s toys. It is strong and durable and has strong impact resistance, so toys using beech wood will be very resistant to falling.

Because of the practicality of beech wood, the price of beech wood is relatively high compared to other woods.

Beech wood Recommended level:★★★

Schima superba

Schima superba is the most used material in wooden toys, such as beads, tool carts, walkers, etc. Most of the main materials are Schima superba.

The price of Schima superba is lower than that of beech, but in fact, toys made with Schima superba are also very durable and reliable.

Schima superba Recommended level:★★★

Bass wood

Basswood is an ordinary cork, wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant, and not easy to crack. It is also an excellent wood. Basswood is light in weight and has strong workability, so Basswood is often used in furniture.

Basswood is also an excellent material for carving.

Bass wood Recommended level:★★

Pine wood

Pinewood is cheaper than other woods and is mainly used for furniture, floors, roofs, etc.

However, the durability is lower than other woods. The pinewood is soft and easy to crack.

Pine wood Recommended level:★★

Composite wood

Composite wood is generally birch or birch plank, it is also used to make toys, but it is relatively rare. For example, it is used for wooden balance cars (scooters). Many frames generally use birch planks.

However, it should be noted that composite wood may contain formaldehyde, Therefore, it is recommended to consider wooden toys of other materials instead of composite wood.

Composite wood Recommended level:★


Plastic is a commonly used material for toys, but it should be noted that not all plastics are safe and stable. Some plastics may deform or even become toxic under the action of high temperatures.

ABS(Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene)

ABS is mostly the main material of building blocks. The main reason is that it has good dimensional stability, and the basic particles made can maintain the same height. ABS has high hardness and toughness, and is resistant to falling and abrasion. It will not become brittle even at low temperatures.

If ABS products are washed with hot water, they maybe also emit a peculiar smell, may even become deformed.

ABS Operating temperature(Reference only): −20 to 80 °C (−4 to 176 °F)

Security Level : normal use safe

PVC(Polyvinyl chloride)

There are many applications of PVC, such as sewer pipes, infusion pipes for infusion, and slippers. PVC is also the most used material in plastic toys.

PVC is corrosion-resistant, non-flammable, insulating, and anti-oxidation. It is also a safe material.

However, PVC toys should not be disinfected with hot water as much as possible. can use toy cleaners and soapy water to wipe.

PVC Operating temperature(Reference only): -17 to 60 °C (0 to 140 °F)

Security Level : normal use safe


PP is a very reliable plastic, often used in food containers, such as lunch boxes and fresh-keeping boxes. PP is also the main material for plastic baby bottles.

Among toy materials, PP materials are mainly used for small toys such as teethers and rattles. It is inevitable for babies to bite toys. PP material is relatively safe. And can be disinfected with high temperature hot water.

PP Operating temperature(Reference only): -30 to 140 °C (-22 to 284 °F)

Security Level : safe


PC material has been banned, PC material BPA(Bisphenol A). Since January 2011, the EU has banned the use of BPA baby bottles.

PC toys may also contain BPA(Bisphenol A), so try to avoid buying toys that use PC materials.

PC Operating temperature(Reference only): It is not recommended to buy, so no working temperature

Security Level : Do not use !


There are many types of PE materials. Soft PE is mainly used for film products, such as food wrap and plastic bags; hard PE is more suitable for one-step forming products and hollow products.

PE is mostly used in toys such as rocking horses, slides and other medium and large toys. For the safety of children, one-step forming is selected as much as possible for medium and large toys. Assembled medium and large toys are relatively prone to accidents.

PE Operating temperature(Reference only): -100 to 100 °C (-148 to 212 °F)

Security Level : safe

EVA(Ethylene-vinyl acetate)

EVA material has good water resistance. In terms of toy materials, it is mostly used for crawling mats, soft masks and water injection teethers. It is also a material that is harmless to human health.

In terms of flammability, EVA material maybe safer than PE material.

EVA Operating temperature(Reference only): -70 to 76 °C (-94 to 196 °F)

Security Level : safe


PU material is mostly used for the wheels of baby strollers, scooters, balance bikes, and bicycles. PU material cannot be sterilized by high temperature, so try to avoid buying PU material personal toys when buying.

PU Operating temperature(Reference only): -35 to 80 °C (-31 to 176 °F)

Security Level : normal use safe

TPE(Thermoplastic elastomer)

TPE is similar to PVC, and its application fields are basically the same. It is also a relatively safe material.

TPE toys are mainly used in balls, such as crystal pinballs, hole balls, Opo balls, etc. In addition, they are also used on teethers. High temperature should be avoided as much as possible.

TPE Operating temperature(Reference only): -50 to 100 °C (-58 to 212 °F)

Security Level : normal use safe

Silica gel

Silica gel is neither plastic nor rubber.

Silica gel is characterized by high temperature resistance, can be sterilized by high temperature, and can also be used in dishwashers and microwave ovens, and Silica gel does not produce any toxic substances from raw materials to finished products. Therefore, Silica gel has gradually become the main material of teethers.

Silica gel Operating temperature(Reference only): -40 to 230 °C (-40 to 446 °F)

Security Level : safe


Metal toys are generally for older children to play, it is recommended to buy toys of other materials for younger children.


Magnet toys can generally be divided into: Completely made of magnet toys, Toys with a small amount of magnets

Completely made of magnet toys

You need to understand that magnet toys are very risky for children, and for young children there may be a risk of accidental swallowing, so before buying such toys, you need to make sure that your children understand and understand the correct way to play toys.

Toys with a small amount of magnets

There are a few magnets in some toys, this is normal. Toys with magnets will improve playability and interest, but it should be noted that the magnets of such toys must be fixed in the toy and cannot be easily taken out, otherwise it may cause risks.

In toy products, child safety always comes first. If magnets are added, they are basically fixed in the toy. Please rest assured. But please also understand the risks and teach your children the correct way to play.

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